The thyroid gland is one of the most important glands of the body located below the Adam’s apple. It produces thyroid hormone to regulate the metabolic functions of the body. If this hormone is not produced in sufficient amounts, it results in a condition known as hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism has many symptoms that can vary from person to person. Some common symptoms of hypothyroidism are fatigue, weight gain, cold intolerance, constipation, impaired fertility, and depression. Women are much more likely than men to develop hypothyroidism.
The treatment involves medication along with diet and lifestyle modification. Diet management has an important role of controlling the symptoms of thyroid disorder. It has been shown in studies that even little weight loss of 10% of the total body weight has been found to be beneficial in controlling symptoms.
Following the guidelines for effective weight management…….
- Eat small and frequent meals at the intervals of 2-3 hours to boost body’s metabolism.
- The mini meals should consist of fruits, salads, fruits, soups and low-calorie snacks.
- Eat healthy and nutritious meals. Try to include foods rich in vitamin A like yellow vegetables, eggs, carrots, and dark green vegetables in the daily diet.
- Iodine is needed to produce the thyroid hormone in your body. Seafood like sushi, seaweed, and saltwater fish are rich in Iodine. Vegetarians can include bananas and parsley in their diet.
- Zinc and copper are important in helping the body make thyroid hormone. Rich sources include: oats, organ meats (range free), eggs, yeast, legumes, nuts, and raisins.
- Avoid saturated fats, refined foods, sugars, and white flour products.
- Regular intake of water 10-12 glasses per day.
- Indulge in regular aerobic exercise such as walking, cycling or swimming for 1 hour daily. Metabolic rates can increase up to 25-percent after an aerobic workout. This form of exercise will also help burn calories and decrease levels of body fat.
Diet planning has an important role in weight management, so a well guided plan as per the body weight and thyroid levels is important in management of thyroid.